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Descriptive Summary

Three municipalities of the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona (AMB) will instal three biosolar green roofs: 2 in kindergardens and 1 in a library. This is the combination of a green surface on which photovoltaic (PV) modules are placed. The presence of the vegetation lowers and stabilises the PV module temperature, which increases its performance. This helps to generate energy and reduce energetic demand of the buliding, increase urban green spaces and biodiversity, enhances air quality, etc.

Background

The multiple effects of climate change in the urban environment require solutions that addresses multiple challenges in an effective manner. The installation aims to mainly address the increasing energy demand for cooling purposes, as well as the increasing heat island effect of land air quality decrease. It also aims to address the lack of space for recreation and educative outdoor spaces for children.

Aims and Goals

The goals of the three biosolar green roofs are: 

  • Generating of clean energy, with low GHG emissions and without noise generation. 
  • Improving the efficiency of the photovoltaic modules by avoiding overheating of the panels (up to 10% efficiency increase by keeping roof temperature below 25C, above which the efficiency of the PV gets reduced) 
  • Reduction of the energy demand of the building due to the insulation provided by the vegetation
  • Air quality improvement: the vegetation absorbs polluting gases (approximately 100 m2 of green cover can absorb up to 20kg of polluting particles in a year!)
  • Biodiversity promotion (for example the presence of pollinators)
  • Contribution to the reduction of the heat island effect due to the cooling effect of vegetation. 
  • Water storage (sponge effect) and, therefore, prevention of local flooding and reduced pressure on the sewer
  • Provision of outdoor lucid and educative spaces for kids. 
Actions taken

Three biosolar green roofs will be installed during the year 2024 as follows: 

  • Saint Feliu de Llobregat (Kindergarden roof): 1288 m2 of green roof + 100 PV modules. The space will be adapted for children to play. Total budgetL Eur 274,945, of which Eur 49,000 are for the PV modules. 
  • Saint Boi de Llobregat (Kindergarden roof)L 810 m2 green roof + 30 PV modules. The space will be adapted for children to play. Total budget: Eur 247,275, of which Eur 845,152 are for PV modules.
  • Santa Coloma de Gramanet (Library): 482 m2 of green roof + 78 PV modules + agora space for educational activities. Total budget Eur 100,000 of which Eur 36,000 are for PV modules .
Main Achievement to date

The project is in the tendering process and should be completed by the end of 2024.

Country
Start year
Total funding
100 - 500k €
Author
Name
Gemma Torres
E-mail address
gtorres@amb.cat
Affiliation
MedCities (MedCités)
Nexus Dimensions



  
                    Ecosystems



  
                    Energy



  
                    Water
Scores
Environmental
Social
Technological
Financial
Institutional
SDGs
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SDG 4 Quality Education
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SDG 6 Clean Water and Sanitation
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SDG 7 Affordable and clean energy
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SDG 9 Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
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SDG 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities
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SDG 12 Responsible Consumption and Production
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SDG 13 Climate Action
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SDG 15 Life on Land